‘A Share’ is the share in the Share Capital of a Company. Share Capital of the Company is the investment by the Shareholders. Share Capital of the Company is divided in to smaller units called ‘Shares’ and the shareholders are the owners of the Company.
Being the owners of the Company, shareholders are the ultimate decision makers in a Limited Company. Shareholders are the people who appoint the Directors for the day to day management of Company subject to provisions of Articles of Associations and Companies Act and Rules.
The Shares of a Company is freely transferable from one person to another person subject to conditions in Articles of Association of the Company and provisions of Companies Act.
In a private limited company, share transfer is usually restricted as per the terms specified in Articles of Association of the Company while in case of a public limited company it is freely transferable. Generally, the shares of a private limited company are owned by family persons or a small group of persons or investors. A private company can restrict the right to transfer the shares by adding restrictive condition for transfer of shares in the articles of association of the company. Therefore, the Articles of Association of the Company should be reviewed, and the restriction or condition provided therein should be fulfilled before effecting any share transfer.
In case of companies where there is a shareholder’s agreement between the promoters and investors, or promoters themselves, the condition shareholders agreement also to be adhered before effecting the share transfer.
The transferor and transferee should execute a Share Transfer Deed in Form No. SH-4 and the same shall be delivered to the company within sixty days from the date of such execution.
The deed should be duly stamped and should be properly cancelled by a rubber stamp or defaced otherwise.
The Stamp Duty payable on Share Transfer is at the rate of 0.25% of the value of consideration. (For eg. Stamp Duty for a Consideration of Rs.10000.00 shall be Rs.25.00). The Share transfer Deed is invalid if the stamp duty is not paid.
The Company is required to effect the transfer of shares and make needful changes in the Register of Members and issue new certificates/endorse the transfer on certificates in within a period of one month from the date of receipt of Transfer Deed by the company.
Transfer of Shares in a Company – Requirements
Decide the Transferor and Transferee and Consideration for Transfer
Execute Transfer Deed Pay Stamp duty
Submit the Deed and Certificates to Company
Board to Pass Resolutions for Transfer
Update the share transfer in the register of members and Issue new share certificates to the transfe
Execution of Share Transfer Deed in form SH-4.
Transferor and transferee should execute a Share Transfer Deed in form SH-4. The deed should be duly stamped as per the stamping requirements.
Submission of Share Transfer Deed and Share Certificates to the company.
Deliver the duly executed share transfer deed and relevant share certificates to the company for needful action from the Board of Directors for efecting the Transfer
Conditions of Articles of Association and Shareholders Agreement, if any.
Check the compliance of conditions regarding Share transfer in the Articles of Association of the company and Shareholders Agreement, if any, and comply the same in order to give effect to share transfer.
Board Meeting to approve the Share Transfer.
Convene the Board Meeting and pass the Board resolution approving the Share Transfer.
Updation of Register of Memebers and Share Certificates
Company to update the Register of Members and issue new share certificates or endorse the transfer on existing certificates as the case may be.
From Trasnsferor & Transferee
- Share Certificates
- Duly executed SH-4 (Share Transfer Deed)
- Stamping of Transfer Deed
Board Meeting Documents
- Board Meeting Notice
- Board Meeting Minutes
- Board Meeting Attendance Sheet
There should be a Shareolder willing to transfer the Shares
There should be a Shareolder willing to buy / takeover the shares
The Value of shares to be decided mutually or as per Arctiles of Association of Company or Sharehoders Agreement
Share Transfer Deed
The Trasnferor and Transferee shoulde execute a Share Tansfer Deed in Form SH-4
Articles of Association
In case of private limtied Companies, the conditions of Articles of Association for transfer of shares to outside shareholders, if any, to be complied.
Shareholders Agreement / Co-Founders Agreement
Conditions of Shareholders Agreement / Co-Founders Agreement, if any, to be complied.